Why do most of us weight train? We want to look and feel good! We want our physiques to stand out above the rest. A slim waistline and wide shoulder structure with well-developed deltoids are essential if you are trying to achieve the highly desirable V-Taper physique.

David Robson owner of Elite Physique Training Studio, describes it well: ” V-Taper, the perfect melding of broad shoulders, small waist and flaring lat muscles, a look synonymous with perfect symmetry and proportion.” Veterans of weight training like Mr Scwarzenegger come to mind when the term V- taper is mentioned.

You could say V taper is somewhat old school, many guys are now training for outright size, jeopardizing their taper physique.

I’ve seen countless guys in the gym with huge shoulders and chest ruining their physiques with bulging waistlines it’s certainly not aesthetically pleasing, sadly it’s starting to become quite a norm.

If you want to lose a few inches around the waist, it can be done and it’s really not that hard says David  “using a targeted training program and a well-structured diet anyone can improve his or her V-Taper and reap the rewards of an extremely well-balanced physique.”

When you think about it, the deltoids are such a high vis muscle group, they can be seen from every angle,  making them a very important muscle to train whether you are training for V-Taper or not.

It becomes especially important if you are hoping to enter any competition that you train all three heads of the deltoids, don’t forget the rear delts, I’ve been guilty of this many a time over the years.

The Three Heads of The Deltoid

The Deltoid muscles are made up of the front, side and rear heads. If you want a total shoulder workout, you must do specific training for all heads.deltoid diagram
  1. Anterior deltoids (Front) Seated dumbbell press.
  2. Lateral deltoids (Side) Standing side lateral raises.
  3. Posterior deltoids (back) Bent over lateral raises.

What  You Will Need

  1. A set of dumbbells
  2. Do I need gloves? (optional) only if you feel like you need them, gloves help you with grip and prevent calluses, but you may find as your strength develops so will your forearms, your grip will become stronger and the need for gloves will lessen.
  3. Bench – a sturdy well made bench will pay dividends in the future, cheap ones break, they rock around and you end up buying a better one or worse doing yourself an injury, learn from my mistakes!
  4. Music – I have to have some tunes playing loud, for some reason I seem to train harder with a few of my fav tracks blaring out.

Seated Dumbbell Press

To start this shoulder workout we will start with a pressing movement, great for gaining mass and strength. Primary Muscles worked: Anterior Deltoids Secondary muscles worked: Pectorius major, Triceps brachii, Trapezius upper and lower. 3 sets of 8-10 reps (3×8)
Starting position
  1. Pick up two dumbbells, using an overhand grip, sit down on an upright bench.
  2. Lift dumbbells to shoulder level and rotate your palms so they are facing forward.
  1. In a controlled fashion slowly push the dumbells upwards to an overhead position, until the dumbbells touch each other. Remember not to arch the back or lock elbows at the top of the movement.
  2. Slowly return the dumbbells to starting position and repeat.

Standing Dumbbell Side Lateral Raises

Next, we work the side of the deltoids…The lateral deltoid also is known as middle delts, outer delts, or side delts, but not the medial as it is sometimes mistakenly called. Standing dumbbell side lateral raises are probably one of the most important isolation exercises a bodybuilder will have to do, why?
  • It’s one of the few exercises that works the side head of the deltoid.
  • If you develop your side deltoids your waist will start to appear small as your shoulders broaden the all-important v shape.
  • Overhead presses will not work all of the deltoids, many bodybuilders feel the side delts get left behind if you concentrate solely on shoulder presses, lateral raises will help even things out.
Primary muscle used: Lateral Deltoids Secondary Muscles used: Anterior deltoids and trapezius, upper and lower. 3 sets 8-12 rep until failure (3×8-12)
Starting position:
  1. Stand with your back straight, slightly less than shoulder width apart
  2. Keep knees slightly bent and elbows flexed throughout the movement
  3. Grab a pair of dumbbells palms facing forward and press dumbbells together 4 inches in front of your hips.
  1. Slowly raise the dumbells in an arc until your arms are parallel to the floor.
  2. Now hold for a couple of seconds
  3. Slowly lower your arms back down, you will feel it a lot more if you keep it slow!

Standing Dumbbell Bent Lateral Raises

The final exercise in our dumbbell workout, the Standing Dumbbell Bent Lateral Raises, another isolation exercise that is crucial for developing the posterior deltoids, the backside of the shoulder. Will improve strength shoulder health and posture. Primary muscles used: Posterior deltoids Secondary muscles used: Lateral deltoids, trapezius upper, teres minor 3 Sets 8-10 reps (3×10)
Starting Position
  1. Stand up straight whilst holding a dumbbell in each hand, feet should be shoulder width apart.
  2. Make sure you keep your back straight, lean forward until your back is parallel to the floor and your arms are hanging down in an extended position.
  1. Keeping the slightly bent position of your elbows throughout, raise the dumbells until your arms are parallel to the floor.
  2. Slowly lower dumbbells back to starting position after flexing rear deltoids at the top of the movement.
A fairly quick deltoid workout, train with intensity, 1 minute rests between sets and your delts will be burning after this workout. Can always work your traps after! Don’t forget to do a general warm up before you begin the workout, dynamic stretches or a short run, bike or row will be enough.