The leg extension is considered an isolation exercise since it targets the quads with minimal participation of the other leg muscles.
This exercise is also very often done in the phase of warming up as a preparation for other much more complex and harder exercises such as squats or leg press.
The advantage is that not only that leg extension warms up the thighs, it also prepares the knees for all the difficult exercises that follow.
But even with a simple exercise as the leg extension, you need to be careful. If you do it incorrectly, it can cause serious damage to your knees.
Those injuries are nasty since you basically can’t see them coming since they occur over time, not at once. How can you damage your knees by doing leg extension?
Disadvantages of Leg Extension – Knee Injury
The angle between the upper and lower parts of your legs shouldn’t be smaller than 90 degrees in the starting positions. If this angle is smaller, then it causes hyperextension of the kneecap and that gradually leads to the damage of cartilage and connective tissue.
Cartilage can be severely damaged, and you can get a serious form of arthritis. People often think that lifting heavy weights causes the arthritis, and that is not true.
Truth is that lifting heavy weights can cause the damage of the joints and arthritis only if the joints are at the unnatural angle while you are lifting.
Second, a very common mistake is the use of very heavy weights. In complex exercises like squats and leg press, the weight is evenly distributed through the entire body, thus putting the knees under less pressure.
The correct way to do leg extensions is to use smaller weights, or those weights with which you can do at least twelve reps in a set. Leave heavier weights for more complex exercises. Do not extend the knees fully while you are lifting lower legs.
Leg extension is often used as rehabilitation exercise for treating various injuries, but it is always done with lighter weights.
The knees are not the only body part that we can injure while doing leg extension. Most of the machines for leg extension have adjustable backrests so that the people of different height can use them properly.
Analysis was done on the effect of the angle between the seat and the backrest and it has shown that inadequate angle exposes the back to high pressure which can lead to injuries of this part of your body. People very often sit on the machine and start doing the reps without adjusting the backrest, which is a big mistake.
In the analysis we mentioned earlier, they studied the effect of three different angles of backrest on the lower back and frontal quads’ activity.
The goal of the analysis was to determine the angle that puts the lower back to the smallest possible pressure, but maximally activates quads.
They came to the conclusion that the best angle is ninety degrees, meaning that the backrest is at the right angle compared to the seat.
When the backrest is at a sharper angle, the pressure on the lower back increases and the activation of the quads decreases, you should also know that muscle activation is much better if you do the leg extension with both legs at the same time, than if you do it one leg at the time.
This makes leg extension different from other leg exercises, where training one leg leads to much better muscle activation.
What can affect the activation of different areas quads while you are doing leg extension is also the position of the feet while you are exercising.
If your feet are stretched downwards, then mostly affected area is vastus lateralis, the outer bit of the quads. When you point the feet upwards, then mostly affected muscles are rectus femoris, vastus medialis, and vastus intermedius.
Reason for this is that it comes to changes in muscle activation due to different positions of the feet because those positions trigger the inner rotation of the thighs and muscle extension that transfers the accent of the exercise from one to the other part of the thighs.
It is probably the best that you use both positions of the feet while you are exercising, but also the neutral position in order to activate all the muscles in the frontal area of the thighs.
Neutral position of the feet in leg extension activates equally all four earlier mentioned muscles. If time is the issue, you should do leg extension always in a neutral position unless, of course, some parts of the thighs are your weak points, and you need to work on them more.
As we already said, there are numerous advantages of leg extension and it is a very good exercise for warm-ups as long as you make sure that the angles of the knees and the backrest are adequate, there is nothing to worry about.
We really hope our tips will help you enjoy this great quad exercise and that you will include it in your workout program if you havent done so already.